What happens when a classic Victorian illustrator lives through poverty, World War I, and the deaths of a sister, mother, and wife; all in the space of a few years? Louis Wain (1860-1939) has become a famous case study in mental illness. Wain, who became famous in the early twentieth-century for his pioneering, whimsical illustrations of anthropomorphic cats, suffered a mental breakdown at the age of 64, and spent the remaining 15 years of his life in various mental institutions. The Chris Beetles Gallery of London recently exhibited a host of works from various points in his career. Wain continues to fascinate students of psychology because during his period of overt schizophrenia, he never stopped working. His drawings and paintings serve as a chronological reference for his mental collapse. While institutionalized, Wain’s peculiar interest in cats remained; but his method of carrying out that interest through his art changed dramatically. His familiar felines dissolved into vivid abstractions of a style not be popularized until 30 or so years later during the psychedelic 60′s and 70′s. No matter the medical implications, Wain’s kaleidoscopic patterns and colors, when viewed in stark contrast with his innocent whimsy illustrations, are illustrations that still inspire today.